Phonics logo

Phonics apps  to support learning:

PhonicBursts – Apple App

KS1 English phonics – Android App

So, what exactly is phonics?

Words are made up from small units of sound called phonemes. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes that make up each word. This helps children to learn to read words and to spell words. The phonics scheme we use at Golborne Community Primary School is Letters and Sounds.

In phonics lessons children are taught three main things:


They are taught GPCs. This stands for grapheme phoneme correspondences. This simply means that they are taught all the phonemes in the English language and ways of writing them down. These sounds are taught in a particular order. The first sounds to be taught are s, a, t, p.


Children are taught to be able to blend. This is when children say the sounds that make up a word and are able to merge the sounds together until they can hear what the word is. This skill is vital in learning to read.


Children are also taught to segment. This is the opposite of blending. Children are able to say a word and then break it up into the phonemes that make it up. This skill is vital in being able to spell words.

What makes phonics tricky?

In some languages learning phonics is easy because each phoneme has just one grapheme to represent it. The English language is a bit more complicated than this. English only has 44 phonemes but there are around 120 graphemes or ways of writing down those 44 phonemes. Obviously we only have 26 letters in the alphabet so some graphemes are made up from more than one letter.

ch th oo ay (these are all digraphs – graphemes with two letters)

There are other graphemes that are trigraphs (made up of 3 letters) and even a few made from 4 letters.

Another slightly sticky problem is that some graphemes can represent more than one phoneme. For example ch makes very different sounds in these three words: chip, school, chef.

Below are a wide range of websites to support your child’s phonics learning at home.

A list of the sounds your child will learn:

The 44 sounds of the English language

A wide range of games split into each phonics phase:

A wide range of videos and tutorials for phonics:

A range of Letters and Sounds phase 1 games:

A range of Letters and Sounds phase 2 games:

A range of Letters and Sounds phase 3 games:

A range of Letters and Sounds phase 4 games:

A range of Letters and Sounds phase 5 games:

Spot which is the real and which is the made up word:

Interactive Posters showing word list for different phonemes:

Word build with these phonemes:

Match the word to the picture:

Pick a phoneme then read the words to pick which word has the phoneme in:

Read a range of high frequency words:

Can you shoot the correct phoneme?

Can you shoot the CVC word?

Identify the initial phoneme:

Create your own bingo cards for high frequency word bingo: